Wednesday, June 19, 2024

Latvia country profile

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Some key events in the history of Latvia:

1800s – Latvia is under Russian rule.

1918 – Following the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk between Russia and Germany in March and the Allied armistice with Germany in November, Latvian National Council proclaims independence.

1918-20 – Latvia fights to establish its independence against the Soviet Russian and German armies.

1920– Peace treaty with Soviet Russia.

1934 – Prime minister Karlis Ulmanis seizes power following succession of unstable governments.

1940 – Soviet Union annexes Latvia, along with neighbouring Estonia and Latvia. Mass deportations to Siberia and Central Asia.

1941 – Nazi Germany invades. Some 70,000 Latvian Jews are killed by Nazi death squads and Latvian paramilitary units.

1944 – Soviet Army returns, heralding further waves of deportations and repression of resistance to Soviet rule.

1986 – First major anti-Soviet demonstrations held by nationalist and environmental activists.

1991 – Referendum produces large majority in favour of independence. Parliament declares the full restoration of independence.

1994 – Last Russian troops leave.

1999 – Vaira Vike-Freiberga is elected president – the first woman president in eastern Europe.

2004 – Latvia joins European Union and Nato.

2006 – New citizenship law requires applicants to pass Latvian language test.

2012 – Referendum on giving Russian joint official language status rejected by a large margin.

2014 – Latvia joins the eurozone.

2015 – Nato reinforces its presence in the Baltic states.

2022 – Russia invades Ukraine. Latvia declares state of emergency along its border with Belarus over sharp climb in illegal border-crossing attempts.

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